Post-operative mortality is inversely related to surgical volumes of the principle procedures as well as surgical volumes overall – of unrelated procedures.
Odds ratio for death within 30 days of surgery in relation to the hospital volume of the same surgical procedure and the hospital volume of the other four procedures. With the exception of colorectal resection, 30-day mortality was shown to be inversely related not only to the hospital volume of the same procedure but also to the hospital volume of most of the other procedures. In some cases the effect of the volume of a different procedure was stronger than the effect of the volume of the same procedure. For example, the association of mortality from pancreaticoduodenectomy with hospital volume of lung resection (odds ratio for death in hospitals with a high volume of lung resection compared with low volume 0.36, 95% confidence interval 0.23 to 0.57) was much stronger than the association of mortality from pancreaticoduodenectomy with hospital volume of pancreaticoduodenectomy (0.76, 0.44 to 1.32).
Urbach D, Baxter N. Does it matter what a hospital is â€œhigh volumeâ€ for? Specificity of hospital volume-outcome associations for surgical procedures: analysis of administrative data*. Quality & safety in health care. 2004;13(5):379-383.